165 years ago, baron Nikola Vranyczany built a brewery in Dubovac, a historic part of Karlovac. Some 40 years later, it was bought by Aschenbrenner, a brewer who refurbished and modernized the facility. In the post-WWII period, Karlovačka pivovara was gaining its biggest growth and progress and soon became one of the leading breweries in the former country. After the independence of Croatia, it became a joint-stock company owned by its employees. The new era began with HEINEKEN taking over the ownership in 2003, and since 2014 the second largest brewer in Croatia has been known as HEINEKEN Hrvatska.